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Department of Economics

Does Interstate Branching Deregulation Increase Bank Efficiency?

Speaker Ms. WANG Yiwei
MPhil Student
Date 30 April 2014 (Wed)
Time 11:45 am – 12:45 pm
Venue WYL314, Dorothy Y. L. Wong Building
Chief Supervisor Prof. JIANG Liangliang (Assistant Professor)
Co-supervisor Prof. RAN Jimmy (Associate Professor )


​Starting from the 1970s, US states gradually relaxed geographical restrictions on bank expansion. By 1994, most states allowed intrastate branching and interstate bank ownership, but interstate branching was still restricted. In the same year, federal legislation — the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act (IBBEA) — permitted banks and bank holding companies to expand across state lines. However, states were granted certain rights to erect barriers to branch expansion. I show that the differences in states' branching restrictions affect competition and bank efficiency. In states which are more open to branching, bank holding companies (BHCs) are more efficient than BHCs operating in less open states. As less open states deregulated in later years, the difference in efficiency becomes smaller.