There is a vast literature in social policy on the concepts of citizenship, social exclusion and poverty. However, the connections among these concepts and what they mean for people in poverty remain largely underexplored and therefore, only assumed. Further, citizenship as an organising concept in social policy studies emerged in debates in the global North. The implications of these discussions for poverty in the global South remain underdeveloped. Unpacking citizenship as a lens to understand poverty and exclusion among Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in India, my analysis shows the need to problematize citizenship as a framework for conceptualising need because it is often graded and pliable to dominant social interests. More importantly, the situation of PVTGs (an indigenous group in India) demonstrates that policy can be a tool to challenge prevalent notions of citizenship but only if it centres the lives of those with direct experience of deprivation.
Biography of speaker
Ms. Monimala Sengupta
Monimala Sengupta is currently a doctoral scholar at Lingnan University in Hong Kong. She has previously worked at UNICEF India and Youth Hostel Association England & Wales. Most recently, Monimala taught at the University of Zambia in the Department of Social Work & Sociology. She has over 10 years of experience in working in the development, policy, and research sector globally. Her work focuses on the question of poverty, wellbeing, social exclusion, social protection and child protection, particularly in the global south.