Lingnan University and Sun Yat-Sen University release research report – “Perception & Evaluation of Hong Kong Residents of the Greater Bay Area Development”
23 Oct 2018
Today (October 23), Lingnan University and Sun Yat-Sen University jointly released a research report titled “Perception & Evaluation of Hong Kong Residents of the Greater Bay Area Development”, whose main objective was to explore the relationship between Hong Kong residents and the Greater Bay Area (GBA)*, their perception and evaluation of it, as well as their concerns about living there. In addition to the suggestion of introducing policies to promote a better understanding of the GBA among Hong Kong residents, academics from both universities also proposed new models of cooperation between Hong Kong and other GBA cities, such as the mutual execution of Health Care Voucher and Old Age Allowance.
During the period from 15 to 27 August 2018, a total of 1,033 Hong Kong residents aged 18 or above were interviewed as part of the survey to learn about their perception and evaluation of the GBA development. The survey results focused on three main areas: (1) the relationship between Hong Kong residents and the GBA; (2) the perception and evaluation of Hong Kong residents of the GBA; and (3) the concerns of Hong Kong residents about living in the GBA.
The relationship between Hong Kong residents and the GBA
53.9% of the respondents claimed not to have visited the GBA (excluding Hong Kong and Macao) in the past year, with only 4.6% having visited the GBA for 13 times or over (more than 1 visit per month on average). Among the respondents who had visited the GBA in the past year, 59.2% and 20.5% listed “sightseeing” and “food” as their main visiting purposes, respectively; while only 16.7% claimed to have come for “work”. 47.0% of visitors to the GBA listed Shenzhen as their destination, followed by Guangzhou (40.1%).
The perception and evaluation of Hong Kong residents of the GBA
It was also shown in the survey that, while most respondents (37.5%) listed entertainment as the greatest attraction in the GBA, they, however, also listed food safety (41.2%) and public security (30.6%) as the areas that most needed improvement.
The concerns of Hong Kong residents about living in the GBA
When being asked about whether they were concerned about finding the right job if they were to live in the GBA (0 for “not at all concerned” and 10 for “extremely concerned”), 36.2% of the respondents said that they were concerned about finding the right job in the GBA (ranging between 6-10), while 19.2% claimed to be “not at all concerned” (0). In addition, more than 40% (42.5%) of the respondents said that they were concerned about losing their benefits in Hong Kong upon relocating to the GBA.
In his presentation at the press conference, Prof Joshua Mok Ka-Ho, Vice-President of Lingnan University, said that sightseeing-based tourism was a key form of interaction between Hong Kong residents and GBA cities, as more than half of the respondents had not visited the GBA in the past year, while those who had listed sightseeing as their main purpose. Prof Mok was confident that the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link and the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge would create easy access to facilitate the exchange between these two areas.
He also pointed out that in addition to “entertainment” and “food”, governing authorities should also provide more information about business and employment, so as to help Hong Kong residents better understand opportunities in the GBA for business and career development. While a series of planning and policies had been launched in GBA cities to bring convenience to the public, it still required further publicity about their implementation, and how they would benefit Hong Kong residents. Meanwhile, he added that the HKSAR Government should explore new models to cooperate with cities in the GBA to facilitate Hong Kong Residents to work and live in the GBA. In particular to enhance the cooperation in areas such as the probability of Hong Kong Residents enjoying their previous benefits (such as Health Care Voucher and Old Age Allowance), the education of their children and the tax system in the GBA.
*Greater Bay Area comprises the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao, and the nine municipalities of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Huizhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing in Guangdong Province. (Source: https://www.bayarea.gov.hk)